The Vitamin Deficiency That’s Putting Your Mental Health At Risk

The Vitamin Deficiency That’s Putting Your Mental Health At Risk post imageThe Vitamin Deficiency That’s Putting Your Mental Health At Risk post image

The deficiency is linked to depression and poorer brain function, lower verbal fluency and even dementia.

Vitamin D deficiency is linked to depressive symptoms and more negative thoughts, research finds.

Vitamin D deficiency is also linked to cognitive impairments in young people.

Foods that have high levels of vitamin D include oily fish and eggs but most people get their vitamin D from the action of sunlight on the skin.

That is why levels are typically lower in the body through the winter months in more Northern climes.

The research was carried out on 225 patients being treated for psychotic disorders and 159 well people.

Among people with psychosis, higher levels of negative symptoms and depression were found in those with low vitamin D levels.

Problems with processing speed and verbal fluency were also found among young people with low levels of vitamin D.

The findings fit in with previous research that low vitamin D levels are linked to depression.

The vitamin is also thought to play a role in regulating serotonin, a neurotransmitter important for mood.

Vitamin D deficiency has even been linked to dementia.

The study’s authors conclude:

“In a clinical setting, this could support vitamin D as adjuvant therapy in treating co-morbid depressions in psychotic disorders

The associations between low vitamin D levels and increased negative and depressive symptoms, and decreased processing speed and verbal fluency are good arguments for planning large scale randomised controlled studies in target populations, in order to reach conclusions about vitamin D’s potential beneficial effect in psychotic disorders.”

The study was published in the journal Schizophrenia Research (Nerhus et al., 2016).

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4 Multicultural Leadership Strategies that Drive Success

4 Multicultural Leadership Strategies that Drive Success

20 copies available!!

Leave a comment on this guest post by author Dr. Juana Bordas to become eligible to win a copy of The Power of Latino Leadership: Culture, Inclusion, and Contribution. (20 copies available.)

Deadline for eligibility is 04/01/2023. Winners outside the continental US will receive an electronic version.

Leading from a multicultural framework grows people’s choices, capacities, and adaptability.

Multicultural frameworks grow capacity. Image of diverse hands.Multicultural frameworks grow capacity. Image of diverse hands.

4 multicultural leadership strategies:

#1. Cultivate Collaborative, People-Centered Environment

Authentic inclusion requires a shift from an “I” orientation to a “WE” people-centered one.

Mainstream culture emphasizes individualism. Most cultures in the world, including communities of color, are collective and reciprocal. Leaders work for group success before personal gain or credit. Working side-by-side, leaders increase people’s belief they too can lead.  

Action step: Foster the WE identity. Solicit participation – ask people to craft a shared vision, outcomes, roles, contributions, and responsibilities. Celebrate results. Share rewards.

#2. Getting to Know You, Really

People and relationships are the heartbeat of WE cultures.

I begin leadership programs with people sharing family stories, values, and strengths. I have been told, “I worked with Jessica many years, but never knew her until now.” One generation ago, we would have known each other’s grandparents.

Today’s mobility requires leaders to build belonging in the workplace.

Action step: Invite people to share family background, values, lessons, and strengths. Weave a “community history” from their stories.

#3. Mi Casa es su Casa—  

This saying frames the generosity of collective cultures.

Demonstrate generosity by:

  1. Sharing about yourself.
  2. Treating everyone fairly.
  3. Investing in development.
  4. Showing appreciation and respect to people regardless of organizational positions.

This levels the playing field and nurtures equitable environments.

Action step: Be accessible and authentic – practice transparency. Have an “open door policy” with specific times to get to know people.

#4. Embrace an Intergenerational Approach

Ten thousand baby boomers retire every day. 60% of the U.S. population are Millennials or younger. How do we foster intergenerational collaboration that values the wisdom of experience and the promise of youth?

Action step: Utilize intergenerational practices: serve as allies; cultivate circular not hierarchical relationships; provide meaningful participation; pass on knowledge and experience.

How might leaders develop multicultural strategies?

Dr. Juana Bordas is the author of the second edition of The Power of Latino Leadership: Culture, Inclusion, and Contribution, which was released today. It is the first book squarely focused on how Latinos lead. A Colorado Women’s Hall of Fame inductee, she was also the first Latina to receive the Lifetime Achievement Award from the International Leadership Association. Dr. Bordas’ book Salsa, Soul and Spirit: Leadership for a Multicultural Age is considered seminal work in the leadership field and received The…

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9 Modern Website Design Trends in 2023 (with Examples)

From Facebook and Instagram to Yelp and Google Business, there are a dozen ways for organizations to maintain an online presence. But no matter how many profiles you create across these popular social media and review sites, your audience will want to visit your real home. The one not hosted by Google, Facebook, or Yelp. 

I’m talking about your website. A website gives your business credibility. It’s a place to show off your brand, relay important information, answer FAQs, and publish SEO-rich articles to increase your visibility and value. But you only get a few seconds to make a positive impression when visitors arrive, so make sure it’s effective by using some of these nine modern website design trends.  

1. Accessibility

Website accessibility—that is, making sure site elements like images, links, and even color schemes are kind to visitors with visual or other impairments—is more of a need than a trend. But it’s something that many businesses are only now starting to incorporate into their websites. The CDC estimates that one in four adults in the United States lives with a disability. That’s a quarter of your potential website audience!

How do you make your website more accessible to people with disabilities? Think about high-contrast viewing modes, keyboard navigation options, ARIA labels to provide invisible text descriptions on clickable fields for screen readers to read, meaningful alt text for screen readers describing your images, focus indicators, and video descriptions. 


With high-contrast fonts and colors, descriptive links, and focus indicators on most buttons, the Patagonia website is already accessible to many. But if visitors need additional support, they can navigate to Patagonia’s Accessibility Statement page and Level Access page to download assistive technology.

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Unlock The Secrets To A Longer Life With The Right Mix Of Fruits And Veg

The right amount of fruit and vegetables for long-life and a lower risk of heart disease and cancer.

People who eat high amounts of fruits and vegetables every day are more likely to be protected from cardiovascular diseases, cancers, and many other long-term illnesses.

Despite this, barely one-in-10 people consume an adequate amount of fruits or vegetables regularly.

According to a study, eating 3 servings of vegetables and two of fruits a day is the right ratio for your five-a-day recommended intake to optimise lifespan.

Dr Dong Wang, the study’s first author, said:

“While groups like the American Heart Association recommend four to five servings each of fruits and vegetables daily, consumers likely get inconsistent messages about what defines optimal daily intake of fruits and vegetables such as the recommended amount, and which foods to include and avoid.”

The study analysed data regarding fruit and vegetable intake which was obtained from 2 million adults in 29 countries.

They found that:

  • Five servings of fruits and vegetables per day was linked to reduced death risk.
  • Eating three servings of vegetable and two servings of fruits every day was linked to the utmost longevity.
  • Participants who had five servings of fruits and vegetable a day were 13 percent less likely to die from any illnesses than those who had two servings of fruit and vegetables a day.
  • Also, they had a 35 percent reduced risk of dying from lung conditions like chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), a 12 percent reduced risk of dying from heart disease, and a 10 percent reduced risk of dying from cancer.
  • Not all fruits and vegetables are equal: Vitamin C-rich and beta carotene-rich fruit and vegetables such as berries, citrus fruits, and carrots, and green leafy and cruciferous vegetables such as lettuce, spinach and kale showed benefits, while starchy vegetables such as corn and peas, potatoes, and fruit juices didn’t show any benefits in terms of lowering death risk or increasing longevity.

Dr Wang said:

“People should ideally consume five servings of fruit and vegetable each day.

This amount likely offers the most benefit in terms of prevention of major chronic disease and is a relatively achievable intake for the general public.

We also found that not all fruits and vegetables offer the same degree of benefit, even though current dietary recommendations generally treat all types of fruits and vegetables, including starchy vegetables, fruit juices and potatoes, the same.”

Dr Anne Thorndike from Harvard Medical School in Boston and chair of the American Heart Association’s nutrition committee, said:

“The American Heart Association recommends filling at least half your plate with fruits and vegetables at each meal.

This research provides strong evidence for the lifelong benefits of eating fruits and vegetables and suggests a goal amount to consume daily for ideal health.

Fruits and vegetables are naturally packaged sources of nutrients that can be included in most meals and snacks, and they are essential for keeping our hearts and bodies healthy.”

The study was published in the journal Circulation (Wang et al., 2021).

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The 7 Powers of Questions

The 7 Powers of Questions

I’ve heard lots of questions over the years. Some were small. Others brilliant. Some reflected sincere but dead-end pursuits. Smart people ask short-sighted questions when they focus on the wrong things.

“What should you have done?” belittles sincere effort and past wisdom. Don’t ‘should on’ people. Instead, press into future possibilities. “What will you do differently next time?” Can you feel the respect and focus of ‘next time’ questions?

Some questions are complaints. Image of a concerned dog.Some questions are complaints. Image of a concerned dog.

The 7 powers of questions:

  1. Limit answers.
  2. Set direction.
  3. Create focus.
  4. Stimulate creativity.
  5. Encourage reflection.
  6. Strengthen relationships.
  7. Inspire action.

Drucker’s 5 most important questions:

  1. What is our mission? – Clarify purpose and direction. Establish a common goal.
  2. Who is our customer? – Design products of services that meet the needs and expectations of customers.
  3. What does the customer value? – Identify and prioritize the key features and benefits that customers are looking for.
  4. What are our results? – Measure and monitor performance. Identify areas of improvement.
  5. What is our plan? – Develop clear, actionable plans for achieving goals. Ensure alignment and focus on execution.

Read: The Five Most Important Questions You will ever Ask About Your Organization.

Tip: Forward-facing curiosity coupled with a learner’s attitude solves many leadership struggles.

The question I have never heard:

I’ve heard:

  1. How can I hold people accountable? (Sometimes means how can I get people to do things they don’t want to do.)
  2. How can I motivate people?
  3. What’s the best way to confront a problem employee?
  4. How can I have tough conversations?
  5. How can I invite constructive dissent in meetings?
  6. How can I do more of what matters?
  7. How can I fix my boss? (Not usually asked that directly.)

I’ve never heard anyone ask, “How can I love people?” Not one. I wonder if our curiosity is misguided.

What do you need to ask that enables you to move forward with gusto?

Still curious:

1 Simple Strategy to Design Smart Questions

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31 Examples of Effective Form Design

Form design is often an afterthought when it comes to building a website. But it shouldn’t be. Sales can be lost, leads can disappear, and site visitors can walk away with a negative impression of your brand when you roll out poorly designed or otherwise ineffective forms.

The best design principles for site forms put the user front and center, incorporating critical user experience (UX) standards into the format, functionality, and content. Let’s go over 31 key UX principles that lead to great form design.

1. Welcome Your Form Visitor

To create the best conditions for users to complete your form, you want them to feel good about the process from the start. You wouldn’t jump straight into a conversation with a stranger without first introducing yourself, and you don’t want your visitor’s first impression of a form to be abrupt, either.

Effective form design starts by welcoming users to the form completion experience and making them feel at ease. Sephora, the makeup retailer, does this really well by including a video that walks the user through the process of joining the Sephora Beauty Insider Community.

A screenshot of Sephora Beauty Insider Community joining instructions videoA screenshot of Sephora Beauty Insider Community joining instructions videoSephora takes the guesswork out of form completion with a helpful three step video.

2. Show What’s In It for Them

To gain user buy-in, you need to ensure they know the value of completing your form. Tell them the benefits they will gain. Reinforce the item they’ll receive, like a downloadable PDF. Whatever it is, be sure the user knows the why behind the form submission.

ServiceNow does a great job of explaining to users the benefits they’ll enjoy once they submit the form.

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The Personality Trait Linked To A Healthy Brain

People with this trait tend to have larger brain volumes in critical areas, a study finds.

Conscientious people tend to have larger brain volumes in critical areas, research reveals.

People who are careful, efficient and self-disciplined, have more gray matter in their frontal and medial temporal brain regions.

These areas are critical for many functions, including reasoning, taking action and controlling the emotions.

The link could be explained by conscientious people being more likely to look after their health: so, their brains shrink less with age.

In contrast, neurotic people — those who tend to get nervous or sad — have smaller brain volumes in these regions.

This link may be due to chronic stress causing brain shrinkage.

The conclusions come from a study including 79 people aged 44 – 88 who were given personality tests and brain scans.

Dr Denise Head, study co-author, explained the results:

“Our data clearly show an association between personality and brain volume, particularly in brain regions associated with emotional and social processing.

This could be interpreted that personality may influence the rate of brain aging.”

One of the ways being neurotic may affect brain volume is through stress.

Chronic stress does all sorts of damage to the brain over the years.

Dr Jonathan Jackson, the study’s first author, explained:

“We assumed that neuroticism would be negatively related to structural volume.

We really focused on the prefrontal and medial temporal regions because they are the regions where you see the greatest age changes, and they are also seats of attention, emotion and memory.

We found that more neurotic individuals had smaller volumes in certain prefrontal and medial temporal parts of the brain than those who were less neurotic, and the opposite pattern was found with conscientiousness.”

It is not clear from this study that being neurotic, or lacking conscientious, causes reduced brain volume.

One theory is that the early stages of Alzheimer’s may prompt a change in personality.

Dr Jackson said:

“It might be that changes in personality track onto those people more likely to develop Alzheimer’s.

We know that there are degenerative processes going on before the diagnosis of Alzheimer’s.

We want to be able to see if the subtle personality changes might be particular to an early clinical picture and possibly see if one can predict who will become demented based on personality changes.”

The study was published in the journal Neurobiology in Aging (Jackson et al., 2012).

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Guaranteed Removals Vs. NetReputation

Negative press and bad reviews can hurt a business. But online reputation management (ORM) companies can help.

Services like Guaranteed Removals and NetReputation are two popular choices in the ORM industry. They work to remove and suppress negative comments—ultimately boosting your company’s reputation and gaining customer trust. 

Guaranteed Removals has more than a decade of experience in this space, making it a top contender for businesses. But Newswake named NetReputation as the World’s Leading Online Reputation Company for two years straight.

So choosing between these two options can be difficult, which is why we created this guide. Continue below to see if Guaranteed Removals or NetReputation is right for your business. 

The Best Online Reputation Management Companies

There is a lot to know about maintaining your online reputation, and there are a diverse range of companies to choose from if you need help. No matter what your goals and budget, one of our top recommendations will have the services you need:

Our top pick for the majority of people is WebiMax, and you can find out why in our full-length reviews of the best online reputation management companies.

But when it comes down to quality and service offerings between Guaranteed Removals and NetReputation, NetReputation comes out on top, and we’ll show you why.


  • Removes content quickly
  • Only pay for results
  • High-quality customer service


  • Removing some content takes longer
  • Costs more for continuous content monitoring


  • Responsive and professional
  • Top-voted reputation management service
  • Range of content services


  • Slow content removal
  • Could improve thoroughness

Transparency: NetReputation

NetReputation home pageNetReputation home page

Before you even begin working with an ORM company, you want to know that they…

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The Simple Sign That Predicts Your Future With Type 2 Diabetes

An easy way to predict if you are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes.

Poor handgrip strength could be a sign of type 2 diabetes (T2D), according to scientists.

Handgrip strength is an easy and quick test to single out those who are at high risk for developing T2D.

The study of 776 people with no history of T2D found that risk of the disease decreased by half for those scoring higher in handgrip strength.

Diabetes is the seventh leading cause of death and more than 10 percent of the US population are living with this disorder.

Although unhealthy diet, lack of exercise, smoking, drinking too much alcohol, obesity, getting older, and family history are conventional risk factors for developing diabetes, sometimes the disease can’t be predicted in time.

Therefore, loss of muscle and reduced strength can be an important indicator of serious health conditions and has been associated with heart disease, cancer, and early death.

A recent review of 10 studies revealed that people scoring higher in handgrip strength test were 27 percent less likely to have diabetes.

The current research asked participants to grip a hand dynamometer with maximum effort for five seconds.

They found that those who had higher handgrip strength were at a 50 percent lower risk of diabetes.

When they combined this test with other conventional risk factors the prediction of T2D improved even more.

Dr Setor Kunutsor, the study’s first author, said:

“These findings may have implications for the development of type 2 diabetes prevention strategies.

Assessment of handgrip is simple, inexpensive and does not require very skilled expertise and resources and could potentially be used in the early identification of individuals at high risk of future type 2 diabetes.”

Also, it appears that women’s handgrip strength was a better predictive tool for T2D than for men.

Professor Jari Laukkanen, study co-author, said:

“These results are based on a Finnish population.

Given the low number of events in our analyses, we propose larger studies to replicate these findings in other populations and specifically in men and women.”

The study was published in the journal Annals of Medicine (Kunutsor et al., 2020).

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How to Respond to Negative Publicity

Want to just get going? Click here to sign up for WebiMax and start managing your negative publicity today. 

Negative publicity can be shared with a single click, and bad press can sink your business reputation in less time than it takes to finish the New York Times crossword puzzle.

No business is immune from negative publicity, either. Whether it’s a bad customer review or a full-blown product or service crisis, the threat is always there.

So how do you respond when bad press comes knocking at your door? By being prepared.

Six Steps to Respond to Negative Publicity

It’s never easy to deal with negative information about your business, but it is something that must be done—and done well. Mismanaging things will usually make the situation worse.

Here are the steps to position your business for success.

  1. Identify negative publicity quickly
  2. Correct any false information
  3. Act before the problem escalates
  4. Own up to your mistakes
  5. Explain how you will fix the problem
  6. Share positive information about your company

The Easy Part of Responding to Negative Publicity

Knowing right away when your company faces bad press is very important. Luckily, this is also one of the easiest things you can do.

Start by setting up Google Alerts for your company name, products, and services. It’s simple to do, and you’ll get an email notification anytime your company is mentioned online. Armed with this information, you can quickly take steps to mitigate the damage from the negative publicity. 

Of course, the scope of the negative publicity will dictate your next step. A single negative customer review requires a different response than, say, a full-blown product malfunction.  

Managing negative reviews is a key part of managing your online reputation. Addressing…

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