This Disorder Strikes Most People After Mild COVID Infection (M)

Over 76 percent of patients recovering from mild COVID-19 found to experience this problem.

Over 76 percent of patients recovering from mild COVID-19 found to experience this problem.

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How Personality Traits Determine Your Artistic and Scientific Success

How does personality predict success in writing, the visual arts, invention, music, dance and science?

How does personality predict success in writing, the visual arts, invention, music, dance and science?

Being open to experience and intelligent are linked to greater creative achievement in life, research finds.

People high on these traits are more likely to have professional (paid) success in writing, the visual arts, invention, music, dance and science.

People who are open to experience are more likely to be imaginative, sensitive to their feelings, intellectually curious and seekers of variety.

Openness to experience also measures how much you like trying out new ideas or activities.

Intelligence and openness, though, bias people towards different domains:

  • For scientific creativity, intelligence is linked to greater achievement.
  • For artistic creativity, being open to experience is linked to greater achievement.

The link between intelligence and science, as well as openness and the arts, was also seen at the genetic level.

The study’s authors explain:

“While both openness and intelligence were correlated with creative achievement in both domains, the correlation between openness and artistic achievement was twice as strong as that between openness and scientific achievement.

At the same time, the correlation between intelligence and scientific achievement was more than twice that between intelligence and artistic achievement.”

The results come from a Swedish study of 9,537 twins.

All were given personality tests, along with being asked about their creative achievements in areas including writing, visual arts, invention, music, dance and science.

Twins were included in the study to test the influence of genetics and the environment on creativity.

The authors explain the genetic results:

“Genes associated with intelligence, however, played a significantly greater role in scientific achievement than in artistic achievement.

In fact, the majority of genetic influences on intelligence were also involved in scientific creative achievement.”

The varying importance of intelligence and openness across scientific and artistic domains probably comes down to the different demands, the authors write:

“…artistic and scientific domains will generally place different demands on […] creative problem solving.

For example […] scientific creativity, on average, operates under greater constraint and requires greater top-down cognitive control than does artistic creativity, while artistic creativity, in contrast to scientific creativity, depends more on spontaneous associations, emotional involvement and the expression of affect.”

The study was published in the journal Intelligence (Manzano & Ullén, 2018).

Author: Jeremy Dean

Psychologist, Jeremy Dean, PhD is the founder and author of PsyBlog. He holds a doctorate in psychology from University College London and two other advanced degrees in psychology. He has been writing about scientific research on PsyBlog since 2004. View all posts by Jeremy Dean

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How To Make $10,000 Per Month Without Quitting Your Job

How To Make $10,000 Per Month In Your Spare Time triggerPosition) { // Show or modify the styles of your sticky bar welcomeBar[0].style.display = ‘block’; } else { // Hide or revert the styles of your sticky bar welcomeBar[0].style.display = ‘none’; } }); ]]> How To Make $10,000 Per Month Without Quitting Your Job ]]> {{{ ( data.maybeFilterHTML() === ‘true’ ) ? _.escape( data.label ) : data.label }}} ]]>

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Treating Depression: 10 Studies You Need To Know

Ten captivating studies that reveal new ways to understand, treat and prevent depression.

Ten captivating studies that reveal new ways to understand, treat and prevent depression.

Below are 10 pieces of research that promise to enhance our understanding and management of depression.

Among other things, the studies examine the potential of exercise routines, explore strategies for managing negative thoughts and uncover links to sleep, body temperature and memory.

These are all from the members-only section of PsyBlog — if you are not already, find out how to become a PsyBlog member here.

 

1.

Over 200 studies confirm it: exercise is a powerful tool against major depressive disorder. But which are best, and for whom?

2.

Participants taught this technique were less likely to remember negative memories.

3.

The situations that can trigger fears of depression returning and how to tackle them.

4.

Autobiographical memory, crucial for self-concept and emotion regulation, is often impaired in depression.

5.

The largest study yet to examine the link between body temperature and depression.

6.

The subtle learning bias seen in people with depression and schizophrenia that stops them grasping patterns in everyday life.

7.

A variation on an FDA approved method of transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) for depression doubles its effectiveness.

8.

Sleep deprivation treatment can rapidly reduce the symptoms of depression — but why?

9.

Ketamine’s ability to reduce depression may be all expectation in patients’ minds.

10.

People with generally healthy lifestyles had a 57 percent lower depression risk compared to those with generally unfavourable lifestyles.

.

Author: Jeremy Dean

Psychologist, Jeremy Dean, PhD is the founder and author of PsyBlog. He holds a doctorate in psychology from University College London and two other advanced degrees in psychology. He has been writing about scientific research on PsyBlog since 2004. He is also the author of the book “Making Habits, Breaking Habits” (Da Capo, 2013) and several ebooks. View all posts by Jeremy Dean

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How to Run Strategy Meetings Like a Pro

How to Run Strategy Meetings Like a Pro

I’ve attended and led many strategy meetings over the years. Some were a colossal waste of time.

The essence of strategy is choosing what not to do. Image of two figures lifting a puzzle piece.

3 questions successful strategy meetings answer:

  1. How can we create customers?
  2. How can we keep customers?
  3. What do we do better than competitors that is difficult to copy?

Peter Drucker said, “The purpose of a business is to create and keep customers.”

7 ways leaders screw up strategy meetings:

  1. Throw them together at the last minute.
  2. Define customer value poorly.
  3. Don’t think about what customers love about you.
  4. Believe your business is your product. Generac doesn’t sell generators. It sells a feeling of security.
  5. Get lost in minutia. Nothing like a rabbit hole to destroy effectiveness.
  6. Focus on solving problems rather than exploiting opportunities.
  7. Waste too much time predicting an uncertain future.

10 ways to run strategy meetings like a pro:

  1. Define what you really do. What’s your business?
  2. Determine the real value you bring customers, from your customer’s point of view.
  3. Clarify competencies and values that make you unique.
  4. Make success obvious. How will you know when you succeed?
  5. Exploit opportunities more than solving problems.
  6. Eliminate “good” options. Porter said, “The essence of strategy is choosing what not to do.”
  7. Advantage the entire organization (even if it might limit your department).
  8. Develop simple language that expresses strategy so that everyone, especially customers, know the value you bring.
  9. Institute mechanisms to monitor and measure progress.
  10. Engage in persistent, tenacious, recurring follow through and execution. 

Bonus: Make time for casual conversation and private reflection.

Great strategy explains how you will be uniquely useful to current and potential customers.

What happens during the worst strategy meetings? The best?

Still curious:

93% of Successful Companies Abandon Their Original Strategy

Keeping Your Strategy Meetings Focused on the Long Term (hbr.org)

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A Simple Trick To Help You Remember Anything

Memory is dynamic, but it needs this clue as to what it should store away so you remember more.

Memory is dynamic, but it needs this clue as to what it should store away so you remember more.

Telling someone else a piece of information helps lodges it into your own memory more securely, psychological research finds.

People in the study who immediately told others a piece of information could remember more later and they remembered it for longer.

Dr Melanie Sekeres, the study’s lead author, explained:

“This has to be actively replaying or re-generating the information — for example, by telling someone the particulars, as opposed to just simply re-reading the textbook or class notes and studying it again later.

A week later, the memory was just as good.

Telling someone else about what you’ve learned is a really effective way for students to study instead of just re-reading the textbook or class notes.”

For the study students were trying to remember the general plots of films and certain details in the films.

Small cues — like the title of the film — were also enough to help students recall the film’s details.

Dr Sekeres said:

“With a cue, suddenly, a lot of those details will come back.

We don’t permanently forget them, which would indicate lack of storage — we just can’t immediately access them.

And that’s good.

That means our memories aren’t as bad as we think.”

Dr Sekeres explained the nature of the films used in the study:

“We chose mostly foreign films and somewhat obscure clips that we thought most undergraduates would not have seen.

The clips all contained brief scenes of normal, everyday events that mimicked the kind of events you might experience in a day, such as a family having dinner or kids playing at a park.”

How to remember more

Trying to explain the information to someone else can be tiring, but the effort is worth it:

“We tell students to test yourself, force yourself to tell someone about the lecture.

Even by writing out some questions for yourself about the information, then later answering them yourself, you are more likely to remember the information.

Unfortunately, simply re-reading or passively listening to a recording of your lecture in the hopes of remembering the information isn’t a great study strategy by comparison.”

The reason testing and re-testing works is because the brain is adaptive:

“We remember the important things, for the most part, and we forget the unimportant details.

You don’t want your brain to search through tons of useless information.”

The study was published in the journal Learning & Memory (Sekeres et al., 2016).

Author: Jeremy Dean

Psychologist, Jeremy Dean, PhD is the founder and author of PsyBlog. He holds a doctorate in psychology from University College London and two other advanced degrees in psychology. He has been writing about scientific research on PsyBlog since 2004. He is also the author of the book “Making Habits, Breaking Habits” (Da Capo, 2013) and several ebooks. View all posts by Jeremy Dean

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Overcoming the 4 Lies of Status

Overcoming the 4 Lies of Status

Status is more than the way others see you. It governs the way you see the world. It’s a lens you use to see yourself. Loss of standing assaults your confidence. You wonder who you are.

Self-importances rides the wave of status. Social standing swells on the way up. Prestige splashes on the beach and vanishes on the way down.

Self-importance rides the wave of status. Image of a person carrying a surfboard.

The 4 lies of status:

#1. The more status you achieve the less you care about personal growth. After all, others need self-development, not you.

#2. High status makes you smart. You can’t wait for others to shut up so you can give them the real answer.

#3. Status insulates you from responsibility. The higher you go the more you blame. When you’re really good you set others up to take the blame.

#4. Status is happiness.

Status and self-perception:

Status distorts self-perception. Losing status is an opportunity to rediscover yourself.

  1. Negative feedback destabilizes when it persecutes self-perception.
  2. Relationship struggles make you wonder who you are. Are you loveable?
  3. Losing your job chokes identity. The more you identify with status the more you gasp.

You have intrinsic value, but we usually define ourselves by the things we do. When you can’t do what you did you become human again. You remember, for example, how it feels when you’re on the other side of termination.

Overcome the lies of high status:

#1. Practice self-reflection but remember self-reflection done in isolation leaders to self-deception. Read our book, The Vagrant, for more on structured self-reflection.

#2. Learn when you think you don’t need to.

#3. Seek input and help before you need it.

#4. Practice humility.

#5. Listen and ask curious questions (Not judgmental questions).

How do you see the impact of status on others and yourself?

Go deeper:

Eye-opening Self-Reflection Questions for Leaders

4 Ways to Seek Help Before You Need It

My Disappointing Adventure with Humility

A little book about humility.

John David Mann and I give readers an opportunity for structured self-reflection in our new book, The Vagrant. There’s hope for you if you occasionally see yourself in the story.

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This Amazing Mental State Makes Time Stand Still & Worries Fade Away (M)

How being prone to this mental state can lead to a physically healthier life filled with joy and well-being.

How being prone to this mental state can lead to a physically healthier life filled with joy and well-being.

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Author: Jeremy Dean

Psychologist, Jeremy Dean, PhD is the founder and author of PsyBlog. He holds a doctorate in psychology from University College London and two other advanced degrees in psychology. He has been writing about scientific research on PsyBlog since 2004. He is also the author of the book “Making Habits, Breaking Habits” (Da Capo, 2013) and several ebooks. View all posts by Jeremy Dean



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So How Can I Start to Become a More Emotionally Intelligent Leader? 

So How Can I Start to Become a More Emotionally Intelligent Leader? 

I love hosting book giveaways!

20 copies of, “Emotional Intelligence for dummies,” are available!!

Leave a comment on this guest post by Dr. Steven Stein to become eligible for one of 20 complimentary copies of his book, Emotional Intelligence for Dummies.

Deadline for eligibility is 05/25/2023. International winners will receive electronic version.

Emotionally intelligent leaders know how to win the hearts and minds of people. Image of book, Emotional Intelligence for dummies.

Emotionally intelligent leaders know how to win the hearts and minds of people.  

To be an effective leader, you need to know how to get people to change their behavior. Motivation and readiness to practice are pivotal for individuals to successfully enact change.   

Emotionally intelligent behavior involves knowing how to strike the right balance between social and emotional relationships. Emotional intelligence isn’t about being nice to people. It includes recognizing another person’s perspective and using your emotions effectively. 

Being a leader means having one or more followers. If you want to lead others, you have to know how to get their attention, set clear objectives for what you expect from them, and monitor their performance. 

Here are a few things you can do to become an emotionally intelligent leader. 

  1. Pay attention to the people with whom you work. 
  1. Learn more about their interests. 
  1. Reflect on your interpretation of what others tell you to ensure that you’ve captured the other person’s concerns accurately. 

  1. Check whether you accurately reflect the other person’s feelings after they express them to you. 
  1. Show others that you are interested in them, their family, and their interests. 
  1. Avoid trying to make yourself the center of attention. 

Emotions can help you think as well as help focus your attention and guide you when you’re solving problems. 

Which of the above practices help you become more emotionally intelligent?

Which of the above practices would help your leader become more emotionally intelligent?

Dr. Steven Stein is a world-renowned clinical psychologist, international best-selling author, sought-after speaker, and founder and Executive Chair of Multi-Health Systems (MHS), a publisher of scientifically validated assessments for over 40 years. His most recently published books include Emotional Intelligence for Dummies and Hardiness: Making Stress Work for You to Achieve Your Life Goals. You can learn more about Dr. Stein on his website

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Very Popular Food Linked To Anxiety And Depression

Average intakes of this food exceed the level linked to common mental health problems.

Average intakes of this food exceed the level linked to common mental health problems.

A high sugar intake is linked to anxiety and depression, research finds.

The study found the link only in men who consumed over 67 grams of sugar per day.

After five years, their risk of developing common mental health disorders like depression and anxiety was increased by 23 percent.

Worryingly the average amount of sugar consumed by men in the UK is 68.4 grams.

Average intake levels in the US are even higher: around 77 grams per day.

Ms Anika Knüppel, the study’s first author, said:

“High sugar diets have a number of influences on our health but our study shows that there might also be a link between sugar and mood disorders, particularly among men.

There are numerous factors that influence chances for mood disorders, but having a diet high in sugary foods and drinks might be the straw that breaks the camel’s back.

The study found no link between sugar intake and new mood disorders in women and it is unclear why.

More research is needed to test the sugar-depression effect in large population samples.

The results come from analysing data from over 5,000 men and 2,000 women.

Ms Knüppel said:

“There is increasing evidence for the physical damage sugar has on our health.

Our work suggests an additional mental health effect.

This further supports the evidence for policy action such as the new sugar levy in the UK, but this is not addressed in many other European countries.”

Ms Knüppel continued:

“Sweet food has been found to induce positive feelings in the short-term.

People experiencing low mood may eat sugary foods in the hope of alleviating negative feelings.

Our study suggests a high intake of sugary foods is more likely to have the opposite effect on mental health in the long-term.”

Professor Eric Brunner, who co-authored the paper, said:

“Our findings provide yet further evidence that sugary foods and drinks are best avoided.

The new sugar tax on soft drinks, which will take effect in April 2018, is a step in the right direction.

The physical and mental health of British people deserves some protection from the commercial forces which exploit the human ‘sweet tooth’”.

The study was published in the journal Scientific Reports (Knüppel et al., 2017).

Author: Jeremy Dean

Psychologist, Jeremy Dean, PhD is the founder and author of PsyBlog. He holds a doctorate in psychology from University College London and two other advanced degrees in psychology. He has been writing about scientific research on PsyBlog since 2004. He is also the author of the book “Making Habits, Breaking Habits” (Da Capo, 2013) and several ebooks. View all posts by Jeremy Dean

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